「スパイスの歴史」のご紹介/introduction to a book 「SPICES:A GLOBAL HISTORY」

「Fun, Yummy, healthy!」
areUspicy is to convey the charm of spices.

Today is an introduction to a book about spices.

Although I wrote articles on the history of spices and curry in several times, I felt like I wanted to know a bit more deeply and found a book that seemed good at looking.


Beginning with the introduction, a total of 5 chapters.

There are more than 100 kinds of spices, but in this book, we focus on 5 spices, and the history from ancient times, medieval to modern is spelled out.
With 5 spices,

is. areuspicy Spice dictionary has already appeared ^^

According to this book, in modern times, the use rate of spice is high in the UK. However, it is Italy that familiar with usage.
What a funny thing, many people have longing for spices, with the mind you want to get? Since it will happen until the war, it is a thing that fascinates people and the world.








◆◇◆ Enjoy your spice life ◆◇◆

カレーは文明開化とともに/Curry with civilization and enlightenment


「Fun, Yummy, healthy!」
areUspicy is to convey the charm of spices.

Today, curry is the story of with the civilization and enlightenment .

Curry is originally a dish of India. A lot of spices is eaten in daily life in India both now and in the past. It is a miso soup like that in Japan.
Once used to colonize India United Kingdom tells its curry to home country …

Well, the isolation that lasted nearly 200 years since 1633 is over Japan.
Civilization opening will occur by 明治維新Meiji Restoration. This opens the path of civilization, and the trade is done actively. Western culture and Oriental culture will enter Japan steadily and steadily. Meanwhile, in 1872, curry dishes were announced in the book 「西洋料理指南書」Western Cuisine Gyanan Book” and 「西洋料理通」Western Cuisine Tea.
However, UK introduced it as Western cuisine.

「西洋料理指南書」※ The picture is quoted
(I’d like to see the real thing, I would like to reproduce if the recipe is written.)

That’s why, the curry we eat on a daily basis is a Western curry.
In addition, in this style I think that we are curry.

It is curry and rice.
Japan with staple food as rice was curry rice because it was applied to rice when eating curry. Curry and rice is Japanese unique menu.
Certainly Indian curry and Western style curry have different curry and rice and are often bread.

Also, the unique thickening of curry and rice, this was also arranged by Japan.

  • The theory that it was to correspond to the shake of the ship when adopted in the menu of the British navy
  • The theory that it adopted the method of French cuisine which emphasizes sauce

(From Wikipedia)
There seems to be various theories, it is funny.

There are certainly solids. Because it placed emphasis there? Or is it difficult to obtain spices, spice is not used much for curry and rice?
I want to eat curry ^^









  • イギリス海軍のメニューに採用されたとき、船の揺れに対応するためだったという説
  • ソースを重視するフランス料理の手法を取り入れたからという説



◆◇◆ Enjoy your spice life ◆◇◆

スパイスが日本へ到来した?/Did spice arrive in Japan?


「Fun, Yummy, healthy!」
areUspicy is to convey the charm of spices.

Today Did spice arrive in Japan? This is the story.

Apparently spice-like things came to Japan About the Nara period in the 8th century.
It is the story of modern times that the word spice spread. I wonder what he was told.

※ The picture is quoted

  • 古事記(Konjiki) compiled in 712, ginger, Japanese pepper, garlic
  • In 734 “東大寺正倉院書物(Todaiji Temple Shosoin Documents)”, sesame
  • In 934 “延喜式” is a cultivation method of garlic

In old books such as ginger, peppers and garlic are written.
And during the Emperor Shomu in 724-749,

  • pepper
  • Cloves
  • Cinnamon

I know that these spices have already landed in Japan. Why do you understand such a thing? Although it is said that, in the thing of Shosoin in Todaiji which is also a world heritage,
And every spice came to Japan as a medicine.

※ The picture is quoted

It may be because traditional folklore, propagation is the original usage.After that, trade with China, the arrival of medieval Europeans, traveling to Southeast Asia, and shipping trade are thriving and spices other than those mentioned above will also enter Japan. There is still no word for “condiments” yet at this time. When peppers landed in Japan and their medicinal effects become apparent, they will spread quickly.

  • In the early 江戸初期, 徳五衛門 sold the Shichigi chilli at the present East Japan Bridge (Tokyo)
  • The term condiment spreads nationwide in the late 江戸後期

The origin of condiment is pepper. As for me, cinnamon and places that are not cloves are a regrettable place (the country of origin of chili is America). However, it is said that the origin of Shichigi chilli is a hint of Chinese Chinese herbal formulation.

As the answer to the title “The word spice has not come yet, but the entity has arrived”. Curry will appear at the same time as the word spice. The story of curry is now (^^♪





  • 712年に編纂された「古事記には」、生姜、山椒、ニンニク
  • 734年に「東大寺正倉院文書」には、胡麻
  • 934年に「延喜式」にはニンニクの栽培方法


  • コショウ
  • クローブ
  • シナモン




  • 江戸時代初期、徳五衛門が現在の東日本橋(東京)にて、七味唐辛子を売り出し
  • 江戸時代後期に薬味という言葉が全国に広がります



◆◇◆ Enjoy your spice life ◆◇◆

そしてスパイス戦争へ/And to the spice war


「Fun, Yummy, healthy!」
areUspicy is to convey the charm of spices.

Today is the story of Spice War.

A sad war that Spice brought.
The other day I came to the era of the Great Voyages, in Europe, I talked about the spread of use of spices in general.

Even with a huge organization called Europe, there are spices that are not readily available.

  • pepper
  • Clove
  • Nutmeg

These are limited to those who can get it (eventually, only power and rich?).
So, over these spices, competition starts in various European countries and intensified.
Those that only fit in Europe will sacrifice the spice production area. The origin of these spices is Southeast Asia. What you can do in your country, the battlefield will be Southeast Asia. Nothing too strange … It is a weak person who does not care for sacrificing on any day.

The dispute over spice,

  • First half of the 16th century

Portuguese regulates Southeast Asia and the trade area. Next, Spain has expanded and acquired the colony.

  • Late 16th century

British advanced to Portuguese and Spanish territorial waters by piracy. Established the British East India Company, and we will expand the force based there.Do not you know this movement in the UK, the Netherlands also aim at this area.

  • At the end of the 16th century

The Netherlands has advanced to the Moluccas (around the present Indonesian). By trade, we were welcomed by local people, made a good feeling, and lay the foundation for domination.

Later, the Netherlands established the East India Company, it will take over Portugal and take control of the clove trade, but since the UK crashed into there,

Portugal × Spain × Netherlands × UK

4 countries
It will be a battle for colonies by. This is Spice War.

The Netherlands won war, while the Molucca islands, except for part, the Dutch celebrated the 18th century.

Such a Dutch regime did not last so long,
French that did not participate suddenly so far appears. However, France did not offer war, but decided to obtain spice with intelligence. That intelligence is a thief (I think how about it, though …).
He stealed the eyes of the Dutch authorities, stealed cloves and nutmeg trees and transplanted them to Madagascar island in France. After that, I expanded the transplant to South America and the West Indies. As spices are cultivated over a wide range, that is, by being produced, colonial policy has become meaningless and the spice war has naturally ended.

France is an adult correspondence? It seems like it looks like, but is not it wiser?
After all, is it only me that I can see through the idea that my country should be lived? I thought that it would be a more peaceful solution if it is a modern age.
As for the beginning of war, not limited to Europe, Japan is pretty rude.

When I looked at the spice war, it seemed a bit interesting, as it seemed that several books were published. It may be good for autumn’s night.





  • コショウ
  • クローブ
  • ナツメッグ



  • 16世紀前半

  • 16世紀後半


  • 16世紀末






突如として今まで参戦しなかったフランスが現れます。しかし、フランスは、戦争を申し出るのではなく、知略をもってスパイスを手に入れることにしました。その知略とは、盗木 (それもどうかと思いますが・・)。



◆◇◆ Enjoy your spice life ◆◇◆

スパイスに欠かせない4人物/Four people indispensable to spice


「Fun, Yummy, healthy!」
areUspicy is to convey the charm of spices.

Today is the story of the four historical figures indispensable to spice.


A person called Greek medicine father.
About 400 BC already 400 preserved herbs. Among them, Hippocrates who has been drunk for the efficacy of herbal fragrance is not a magical technique, but has captured the disease from a scientific point of view and has laid the foundation of medicine that is also familiar to modern times.
It is not an exaggeration to say that medicine with this person is not related to Western medicine, Oriental medicine regardless.


A person who worked as a doctor in Roman times.
Materials「Material Medica」classified from pharmacological functions such as pain relief, anti-inflammation, diuresis, laxatives, etc. by using everything such as plants, animals, minerals in AD 50 to 70 years. There are 600 kinds of plants listed here, and based on this, spices and herbs are systematized, medicine, pharmacology, botany are born. India’s Ayurveda can be said to be the origin of Chinese traditional Chinese medicine.
※「Materia Medica」
I want to see the actual thing, I want to know the contents.

Marco Polo

Merchant of the Republic of Venice.
In the famous book “Oriental view” is written the contents of silk fabrics, spices of China and Molucca islands, Japanese golden palace, etc., which I met when traveling in the Orient. A travel diary written now. As a result of this, many people have a curiosity to the Orient, and after 300 years of adventurers’ voyage age it will be the age of the voyage, but in Toho Personal Records the oriental is the origin of clove, nutmeg, cinnamon For the people of Europe, it seems that the oriental seemed like Takarajima and it was regarded as a place of strong admiration.

Vasco da Gama

Portuguese navigator, explorer.
Succeeded in the voyage to Kozhikat (current cochin) on 1498 Indian west coast. Open the way to obtain pepper and cinnamon at a low price. At that time, in Europe, spice was valuable, it was useful as a high price comparable to gold and silver, but as it opened the way to the sea route, it became easy to get the spice and in medicine and meat in Europe It is widely used as a storage for storage.

But … human desires are frightening, after this,
Sadly it breaks out in war.
Next time again.












◆◇◆ Enjoy your spice life ◆◇◆